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Jewkes et al. Gender inequities must be addressed in prevention," Sciencep.
Silverman et al. Dunkle et al.
Manfrin-Ledet and D. Porche, Open Menu. Young women and adolescent girls aged are particularly affected.
Globally, in there were an estimated 2. Inof the total estimated 1.
There are ificant regional differences in both the new HIV infections among women and in the proportion of women living with HIV 15 and older as opposed to men, and the gaps are even more notable among young women aged versus young men: In sub-Saharan Africa, women comprised 56 per cent of new infections among adults 15 and older ; and the proportion was higher among young women agedwho made up 67 per cent of new infections among young people.
In the Caribbean, women represented 45 per cent of newly infected adults; while young women aged made up 52 per cent of new infections. In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, women ed for 42 per cent of new HIV infections; however, among young women agedthe s reached a staggering 57 per cent of new infections.
In the Middle East and North Africa, women comprised 38 per cent of newly infected adults; whereas young women aged made up 49 per cent of new infections. In Latin America, women represented 28 per cent of those newly infected; while young women aged made up 36 per cent of new infections.
In Asia-Pacific, women ed for 31 per cent of new infections; as the s reached 39 per cent among young women aged In Western and Central Europe and North America, women comprise 23 per cent of new infections; while the s were higher for young women agedwith 31 per cent of new infections. An analysis of studies measuring the pooled prevalence of HIV in 50 countries estimated that, globally, female sex workers are approximately 14 times more likely to be infected than other women of reproductive age [ 6 ].
Based on data reported by 30 countries, the pooled HIV prevalence among women who inject drugs was 13 per cent compared with 9 per cent among men who inject drugs [ 7 ].
Globally, only 3 in every 10 adolescent girls and young women aged years have comprehensive and accurate knowledge about HIV. Women living with HIV are more likely to experience violence, [ 13 ] including violations of their sexual and reproductive rights. A baseline study conducted in nine countries Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe found that stigma associated with HIV-positive status was a ificant deterrent to reporting or pursuing property and inheritance rights violations. However, only 57 per cent of reporting countries included a specific budget.
Much of the increase was in the areas of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health. Share Print. Visit our YouTube channel.